Consult a doctor immediately and report the incident to the local health department (203-563-0174) and animal control officer (203-563-0150). Because the rabies virus is carried in saliva, the wound should be washed thoroughly with soap and water. This decreases the chance of infection. If possible, the animal should be captured for testing. The Veterinary Medical Association suggests trapping the animal under a large box, but do not try to handle it. Because the testing procedure for rabies involves dissecting the brain, the animal must be euthanized in order to be tested.

Once rabies has been contracted, it is nearly always fatal. (There have been a very, very few cases of survivors.) However, prophylactic treatment in the form of a series of injections is available for people who have been exposed to the virus.